The origin of the name is often disputed. It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx. The Bronx hip hop scene emerged in the mids from neighborhood block parties thrown by the Black Spades , an African-American group that has been described as being a gang , a club, and a music group. Brother-sister duo Clive Campbell, a. Even as the movement continues to expand globally and explore myriad styles and art forms, including hip hop theater and hip hop film, the four foundational elements provide coherence and a strong foundation for hip hop culture.
Origins and the old school
Old School Hip Hop
Hip hop music , also known as rap music ,  is a genre of popular music developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans  in the Bronx borough of New York City in the s. It consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping , a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. While often used to refer solely to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture. Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the s when block parties became increasingly popular in New York City , particularly among African-American youth residing in the Bronx. However hip-hop music did not get officially recorded for the radio or television to play until , largely due to poverty during hip-hop's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting , a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. The Sugarhill Gang 's song " Rapper's Delight " is widely regarded to be the first hip hop record to gain widespread popularity in the mainstream and where hip-hop music got its name from the opening bar. However, during the s, it began to spread to music scenes in dozens of countries, many of which mixed hip hop with local styles to create new subgenres. New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in —84 with the early records of Run-D.
Hip Hop's Golden Age
When hip hop music first developed in the late s, not many people knew about it. It was created in the poorest districts of New York City by African American and Latino teenagers as part of a hip hop scene that also produced breakdancing and graffiti art. Many of these young people were unemployed, but some found work as DJs in discos where they learned deejaying techniques like how to use two turntables and a DJ mixer to play records non-stop. Sometimes they'd also deejay at free block parties in their neighbourhoods where they'd play funk and disco tracks non-stop and ask a friend to act as their MC. The MC would introduce the DJ and encourage everyone to dance and have a good time. Some MCs tried to be more entertaining by talking in time to the beat of the music and using rhymes , and by doing this they invented rapping. Photo: G. As rapping became more popular, more DJ and MC duos formed.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre formed in the United States in the s that consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. Other elements include sampling or synthesis , and beatboxing. The term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, including DJing, turntablism, and scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks. Hip-hop influenced me from day one. Alicia Keys. Hip hop as music and culture formed during the s when block parties became increasingly popular in New York City, particularly among African American youth residing in the Bronx.